Types of Dragon Fruit: Exploring the Varieties

Are you looking to add some tropical sweetness to your daily diet? Look no further than dragon fruit! This unique and delicious fruit comes in various shapes, sizes, and colors. In this blog post, we’ll take a look at the different types of dragon fruit available and how you can use them in your cooking. Read on to learn more about this versatile superfood!

Introduction to Dragon Fruit:

Dragon fruit (Hylocereus undatus) is a beautiful and unique tropical fruit that is native to Mexico, Central America, and South America. It is marketed as pitaya or pitahaya and is cultivated in Peru, Mexico, South Asia, Southeast Asia, East Asia, the United States, the Caribbean, Australia and Mesoamerica and exported worldwide.

Its name comes from its appearance; its skin is covered in scales like a dragon, and the fruit is sweet and crunchy. It grows on climbing cacti that can reach up to 6 meters in length. Dragon fruit is oval to oblong in shape, weighing about 8-12 ounces each. Wynand Espach of Amorentia Sweet Dragon Fruit in South Africa is a leader in cultivating and exporting dragon fruit worldwide.

Introduction to Dragon Fruit

The Costa Rican Ministry of Agriculture notes that Pitayas are a good source of vitamins B1, B2, and C, as well as calcium, phosphorus, carotene, iron, and riboflavin. They also contain a large amount of water, fructose, and sucrose. They are a good source of dietary fiber and have a low sodium content.”

How Many Types of Dragon Fruit Is There?

There are five types of dragon fruit. They are Hylocereus guatemalensis, H. costaricensis, H. polyrhizus, H. undatus and Selenicereus.

Hylocereus guatemalensis comes in four varieties – white, red, and purple flesh – while H. costaricensis and H. polyrhizus are both red-fleshed varieties. The white-fleshed pitayas are said to taste like a cross between pears and bananas, while the red- and purple-fleshed ones have a sweeter, almost cotton candy-like flavor.

The fifth type, Selenicereus, is also known as the American Beauty Dragon Fruit. Each type of dragon fruit is a nutritious and delicious addition to any diet.

What Is the Rarest Dragon Fruit?

The rarest dragon fruit is the Tyalgum Purple Dragon Fruit. This rare and special variety is considered to be of superior quality. It is native to Central and South America and is also known as Red Pitahaya or Red Pitaya. There are wide different varieties of Red Dragon fruits, but the rarest market find could be an unripe blue or green dragonfruit, which will transform to red, pink, or yellow when it ripens. Some seeds, such as the RARE Hawaiian ‘Orange Dwarf‘ Dragon Fruit (Selenicereus megalanthus) Super Sweet Pitaya SEEDS, can also be found, but they are much harder to come by. For those looking to get their hands on this rare variety of dragon fruit, it may be possible to track it down through online retailers such as our own Retail Nursery in Agnes Water.

Which Type of Dragon Fruit Is Best?

Dragon fruit is widely known for its unique look and refreshing flavor. It is also a good source of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients, making it a nutritious snack. Of the wide varieties of dragon fruit, the Hylocereus megalanthus, also known as Ecuador Palora, is widely considered to be the sweetest. This dragon fruit has bright magenta flesh and a sweeter taste than other varieties.

Another variety, the yellow dragon or Hylocereus megalanthus, is also very sweet with a small to medium size when mature and an olive green stem. The sugar dragon produces fragrant, self-pollinating flowers and is a robust grower. Lastly, the Red Jaina variety has a particularly juicy deep-red pulp, making it a perfect complement to various dishes. All in all, for those looking for a sweet and nutritious snack, the Hylocereus megalanthus Ecuador Palora is the best choice of dragon fruit.

What Type of Dragon Fruit Is Pink Inside?

Pink dragon fruit is a type of fruit that can range in color from white to hot pink and deep purple, with tiny black seeds. It grows on a long green vine called a cutting, and its flesh can be of various colors, including white, red, pinkish, or purple. Nicaragua and Ecuador both grow significant amounts of pink-skinned dragon fruit species with deep to light pink flesh.

Ecuador also grows a yellow skin ‘Colombiana,’ or ‘Yellow Dragon,’ which is a cultivar of the S. megalanthus pitaya species native to northwestern South America. A favorite of many is the red dragon fruit, which has bright magenta flesh and a sweeter flavor than the white-flesh variety.

Hylocereus guatemalensis is the third species of dragon fruit in this genus, with bright pink skin and purple flesh native to Central and South America. Natural Mystic is another variety with pink skin and deep pink flesh, and it is grown in Florida. Purple Haze has few seeds and a kiwi-like flavor and can grow up to two pounds each. It is important to note that the red pigment in the flesh will stain skin, surfaces, and clothing, so care should be taken when handling it.

What Is Honey Dragon Fruit?

Honey Dragon Fruit is a sweet, exotic fruit with white flesh and black seeds. It is a two-blossom (Bi-floral) honey known for its floral, fruity, and citrus flavor. It is rich in antioxidants such as flavonoids, phenolic acid, and betacyanin and is often used as an ingredient in weight loss plans.

Honey Dragon Fruit is typically found in Thailand and the Americas and is made by infusing wildflower honey with dragon fruit extract. It offers a low-calorie, flavorful treat with only 60 calories per 5 oz serving.

Nutritional Profile of Dragon Fruit

Dragon fruit is a nutrient-rich fruit that is low in calories and high in fiber. It provides 60 calories per 100g serving and is a good source of protein, with 3.57g per serving. It is also a good source of magnesium, iron, and carotenoids, which may reduce cancer risk.

Dragon fruit contains 82g of carbohydrates and 1.8g of fiber per serving. Dragon fruit is also a good source of vitamins B1, B2, B3, C, niacin, pyridoxine and other vitamins and minerals. Overall, dragon fruit is excellent for a healthy snack or addition to your diet.

How to Eat Dragon Fruit?

Eating dragon fruit is a simple and enjoyable experience. To start:

  1. Choose a ripe fruit with bright red, evenly colored skin that gives slightly when squeezed.
  2. Use a sharp knife and cut straight down the middle from stem to root.
  3. Use a spoon to trace around the inside of the skin to scoop out the flesh.

The flesh inside can be white or red, depending on the variety.

Enjoy dragon fruit flesh straight from the skin, or add it to salads, fruit salads, smoothies, pitaya bowls, juices, and cocktails/mocktails. You can also dice dragon fruit and enjoy it on top of Greek yogurt with macadamia nuts or toasted almonds or serve it alongside mahi-mahi.

Another option is to just cut the dragon fruit in half while still in the skin and scoop out the flesh with a melon baller or spoon and peel and cut it into sections when you’re ready to eat it. Because dragon fruit is full of vitamins and nutrients and offers potentially disease-fighting antioxidants, eating it is a great way to stay healthy.

Uses for Dragon Fruit in Cooking and Baking

you can use Dragon Fruit in a variety of cooking and baking recipes. Here are some delicious ideas to get you started:

Smoothies: Blend dragon fruit with other tropical fruits for a refreshing drink.

Salads: Dice the fruit and add it to a salad for a unique flavor.

Desserts: Make a dragon fruit jelly or pudding for a sweet treat.

Main Courses: Combine finely chopped dragon fruit with grilled meats or seafood.

Snacks: Enjoy dragon fruit as a snack, cut it up, and put it in a fruit salad.

Cakes: Sift cake flour, all-purpose flour, sugar, and 20 gr sugar together and add chopped dragon fruit to make a delicious cake.

Drinks: Create dragon fruit punches or smoothies for a special occasion.


Is Pink Dragon Fruit Rare?

Yes, pink dragon fruit is considered to be rarer than white and yellow varieties. Hybrid cultivars like ‘Dark Star’ and varieties such as Lisa, Maria Rosa, Valdivia Roja, and El Grullo are all red-type dragon fruits. Pink dragon fruit is native to South America but grows in various other countries such as Florida, South California, Malaysia, Vietnam, and Taiwan. Hand pollination is recommended to ensure the cultivation of this variety.

Is Eating Dragon Fruit Everyday Good?

Yes, eating dragon fruit daily is a great way to boost vitamins and minerals. It contains high levels of fiber, iron, and vitamin C, which all help to keep you healthy and full of energy. Just be sure not to go overboard, as it can be high in fiber. Most adults should aim for around 25 grams of fiber per day.

Does Dragon Fruit Increase Sperm?

Dragon fruit is an exotic and delicious fruit that is often considered to have many benefits, including a boost to immunity, body metabolism, and blood circulation. Studies have shown that it may also protect against free radical damage, which can help improve sperm production. However, no scientific evidence suggests that dragon fruit can directly increase sperm count.

Is There a Purple Dragon Fruit?

Yes, there is a Purple Dragon Fruit! Also known as purple pitaya, this variety of dragon fruit grows on vining cacti and has a rich purple color. The fruit flesh can be white, red, or magenta in varying degrees, and the red-fleshed varieties contain lycopene. It is also a good source of fiber, calcium, and folate, which is essential for DNA formation. The rare Tyalgum Purple Dragon Fruit has cream-colored flowers that are as large as a teacup, and the Purple Haze variety is a large sweet fruit with few seeds.


Dragon fruit is an amazing and unique addition to any dish. I hope you enjoyed learning about the different types of dragon fruit and their unique flavors, textures, and colors. If you have any questions or comments about this article, please don’t hesitate to reach out!

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